AAB College | International Summer Academy

Migration, Diversity, and Economic Growth – case of Western Balkan Countries

Course description

– Date: 13th-24th August 2018

– Venue: AAB College Campus in Pristina

Coordinator for the Faculty of Economiscs, AAB College:

Donat Rexha | [email protected]

Overview of the module

International migration even to date remains a central topic in the public political debate across Europe and abroad. This for its numerous implications for both sending and host (receiving) societies and it is an increasingly relevant phenomenon for understanding the international dynamics and interactions. International cooperation in the field of migration and asylum has been attracting increasing amounts of resources and actors worldwide. Therefore, more and more professionals and researchers are likely to engage in international migration issues as part of their work.

Migration has always been an important element of the history of the Western Balkans. Balkan countries, in particular Kosovo and Albania have a long history of migration and large Diaspora which have been of prominent importance in reducing poverty risk and smoothing consumption as well as supporting development efforts. Almost all WB countries faced large international migration outflows driven from both political and economic factors. More precisely, in addition to political instability and conflicts (in Kosovo and BiH) migration was also triggered by the very poor economic conditions where many households perceived international migration as the only mean to survival. Both countries have a sizeable Diaspora and remittances have been an effective mechanism for mitigating poverty as well as a coping mechanism for disadvantaged households with no or little employment and earning opportunities. Moreover, the economy of both countries is heavily reliant on international remittances. On the other hand, remittances are also argued to increase dependency which subsequently increases reservation wages and negatively affect the labour supply of recipients. In other words, remittance recipients may be less motivated to work compared to their counterparts due to remittances. Yet, this may not necessarily be the case as recipients simply may have fewer opportunities to be employed and this is also why they receive remittances. However, the former expectation seems to prevail in many of the WB countries as the evidence suggests that remittances increase reservation wage and decrease the likelihood of registering at the local unemployment centers. Even to date, migration continues to be a phenomenon amongst Western Balkans. End of 2015 marked a drastic increase in the number of illegal migrants that seek asylum in EU Member States has been observed during late December 2014-March 2015. This is considered to represent the largest flux of migrants since the latest exodus of Kosovars.

This Summer School aims to provide an overview of the main issues relating to the determinants, characteristics and implications of international migration.

Recommended literature:
  • Bloemraad, Irene – “Contemporary Immigration in Global Perspective” (Fall 2014)
  • Boucher, Anna – “Comparative Migration Policy” (Spring 2013)
  • Caviedes, Alex – “International Migration and the Politics of Immigration” (Fall 2013)
  • Ellermann, Antje – “The Comparative Politics of Immigration” (Spring 2012)
  • Givens, Terri – “Comparative Immigration Politics” (Spring 2015)
  • Gleeson, Shannon – “Immigration & Citizenship – A Global Perspective” (Winter 2013)
  • Chou, Meng-Hsuan – “Borderless Migration?” (Fall 2014)
  • Golash-Boza, Tanya – “Topics in Immigration” (Fall 2015)
  • Greenhill, Kelly M. and Oxana Shevel – “Migration, Refugees and Citizenship in a Globalized World” (Spring 2016)
  • Klotz, Audie – Global Migration” (Spring 2017)
  • Maas, Willem – “Migration and Citizenship” (Fall 2014)
  • Medina, Mariana – “Immigration Policy” (Spring 2013)
  • Meilaender, Peter – “Immigration and Citizenship” (Fall 2008)
  • Messina, Anthony M. – “Crossing Borders: The Logics and Politics of Transnational Migration” (Spring 2015)
  • Mishra, Sangay – “Citizenship and Migration in International Politics” (Spring 2012)
  • Oonk, Gijsbert – “Migration, Citizenship and Identity in Global History” (Spring 2017)
  • Sigona, Nando – “Globalisation, International Migration and Citizenship” (Spring 2017)
  • Waldinger, Roger – “Comparative Immigration” (Fall 2013)
  • Waldinger, Roger, and Hiroshi Motomura – “International Migration” (Fall 2013)
  • Wong, Tom K. – “Politics of Immigration” (Winter 2017)
  • Michael J. Greenwood, “Modeling Migration,” Encyclopedia of Social Measurement, v.2. Amsterdam: Elsevier Inc., 2005, 725-734.
  • Legrain, Philippe. 2007. “Immigrants: your country needs them” Princeton University Press, 374 pages – ISBN 0691134316
  • Özden, Çaḡlar and Maurice W. Schiff. 2007. “International Migration, Economic Development & Policy”. World Bank. Paperback – 299 pages – ISBN 0821369350
  • Lewer, J., & Van den Berg, H. (2007). A gravity model of immigration. Economics Letters, 99, 164– 167.
  • Mincer, J. (1978). Family migration decisions. Journal of Political Economy, 86, 749–773.
  • Report on Migration to Europe through the Western Balkans, December 2015 – May 2016.
  • Migration and remittances in Macedonia: A review, http://hdl.handle.net/10419/57794
  • WB Report: Migration and Economic Development in Kosovo
  • “Migration and Development in Albania and Macedonia: the effects of migration and of remittances on education and health of family members left behind”, https://www.analyticamk.org/images/stories/files/report/13050-Policey_Brief.pdf
  • Profile of Migration and Remittances: Bosnia and Herzegovina, World Bank
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